Oleh: M.Arif Romadoni | 18 Juli 2010

CONCORD

Concord  adalah  kesesuaian  atau  kecocokan  antara ‘predikat’  dengan  ‘subjek’.  Karena

yang  menjadi  predikat  suatu  kalimat  adalah  ‘verb’  (kata kerja),  maka

concord  biasa disebut  dengan ‘verb  agreement’  (kata kerja yang  mengikuti

subjek).

Concord atau verb agreement selalu terkait dengan:

1. Jenis subjek (misal: tunggal dan jamak)

2. Tenses

3. Bentuk kalimat (misal: positif, negatif dan tanya)

Contoh:

1. Berkaitan dengan ‘subject’:

a. One of my friends is reading newspaper now

Subject= one of my friends (salah satu = tunggal)

b. All of my friends are playing football now.

Subject= All of my friends (semua = jamak)

2. Berkaitan dengan ‘tenses’:

a. He plays football every Sunday (Simple Present)

b. He played football last week (Simple Past)

3. Berkaitan dengan ‘bentuk kalimat’:

a. She comes from London (positif)

b. She does not come Washington (negatif)

MENENTUKAN  SUBJECT (NOUN)  TUNGGAL/JAMAK

1. Subject yang menyatakan      Jumlah (jarak, berat, volume), waktu, judulTunggal

Contoh:  Five hundred kilometers is a long distance to drive in one day.

2. Subject yang terbentuk dari Gerund (V-ing) —— Tunggal

Contoh:  Singing English songs is my hobby.

3. every

each

one of                                

neither of                     +         NOUN    ——- Tunggal

either of

the number of

Contoh:

One of the students in my class comes from Africa.

   Tunggal                                   verb1+s

One of the students in my class is from Africa.

tunggal

verb be (is)

4. both

some             

all                       +   of   +  NOUN    ——- Jamak

a number

Contoh:

All of the students come from Australia

jamak

All of the students are from Australia

jamak

5. ________  preposisi  _______                 

          ______ of ______              

   NOUN                    NOUN                 misalnya:        ______ in ______

          ______ on ______

Yang jadi patokan adalah Noun di depan preposisi.

Contoh:

The source of many accidents is the careless driver.  (Tunggal)

The sources of many accidents are the careless drivers. (Jamak)

6. either   ______  or   ______

neither ______  nor ______

             NOUN          NOUN

Yang jadi patokan adalah Noun setelah  or / nor.

Contoh:

Neither the students nor the teacher is involved in the demonstration. (Tunggal)

Neither the teacher nor the students are involved in the demonstration. (Jamak)

7. _______ ,  as well as    _______ ,

_______ , together with _______ ,

_______ , accompanied by _______ ,

  NOUN                                    NOUN

Yang jadi patokan adalah Noun yang di depan.

Contoh:

The man, accompanied by his children, is an engineer. (Tunggal)

The singers, as well as the orchestra, are from London. (Jamak)


Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

Kategori

%d blogger menyukai ini: