Oleh: M.Arif Romadoni | 18 Juli 2010

CONDITIONAL

Type 1 : Future-Probable Condition (Kondisi yang mungkin terjadi di masa mendatang) Pattern : If + Subj + V1, Subj + will +V1/inf (Klausa-if: simple present, klausa akibat: present future) Contoh : If I have much money, I wil buy a new car. If he is here, I wil give him money.

 Type 2 : Present – Unreal condition (Kondisi/fakta bertentangan dengan masa kini / present). Pattern : If + Subj + V2, Subj + would + V1/inf (Klausa-if: simple past, klausa akibat: past future) Contoh: If I had much money, I would buy a new car. If he were here, I would give him money. Pola inversi: were he here, I would give him money.

 Type 3 : Past – unreal condition (Kondisi/fakta bertentangan dengan masa lampau / past). Pattern : If + Subj + had + V3, Subj + would + have + V3 (Klausa-if: past perfect, klausa akibat: past perfect future) Contoh : If I had had much money, I would have bought a new car. If he had been here, I would have given him money. Pola inversi: had he been here, I would have given him money
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